Dr. H. P. Kanoria
Hinduism as Sanatana Dharma is without beginning or end and the Vedas remain the source of Sanatana Dharma. The scriptures say, Lord Vishnu was alone. He said, Ekoham Bahusyam. “I am one, let there be many. Thus started the multiplicity on this globe.
The entire teachings of the Vedas can be summed up in one grand sentence: “Tat Tvam Asi: Aham Brahmasmi — “Thou Art That”— I am Brahman” meaning, “I am the Spirit living in a body, I am not the body. The
body will perish but the Spirit remains eternal”. The body is composed of the five elements: space, air, fire, water and earth. Lord Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita (chapter II/23) says that, “weapons cleave it not, nor does the fire burn; waters drench it not, nor does the wind dry”. The soul is always divine, pure, perfect, immortal and infinite.
Om is the most powerful ultimate knowledge of Brahman (God). Before the existence of the Universe, there was the sound Om — Aksharabrahman. Om stands for pure consciousness. The mission of men is to discover the Supreme “self”. The Spirit is all pervading. It alone exists as that which enlivens actions and perceptions, emotions and thoughts.
Meditation is focusing on the thought of the Supreme and in identifying with Him. To realise the Self within is to attain enlightenment and immortality. In the Bhagavad Gita, Lord Krishna says (Chapter X/20,
ahamatma gudakesa sarva-bhutasaya-sthitah-
ahamadish ca madhyam ca-bhutanamanta eva ca.
O Gudakesa (Arjuna,) I am the Self, who abides within
all things seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the
beginning and middle and also the end of all beings.
The regular practice of meditation leads to the conquest of the mind and to attach it constantly to God. As one can see the reflection of man in water when it is still, one can only realize the self when the mind becomes tranquil. Meditation is the Science of realizing God. The best way to meditate is as below:
(1) Sit in solitude with a mind of a Yogi and control your senses and free yourself from desires and attachments, try constantly to contemplate on the Supreme Being, as light in the centre of two eyebrows.
(2) Sit in a comfortable position. In-hale and exhale. Chant Om. Deep short meditation is better. Concentrate the mind on a single object con- trolling the thoughts and activities of the senses.
(3) Hold the waist, spine, neck and head erect, motionless and steady; fix the eyes and the mind steadily on the tip of the nose.
(4) Be serene and fearless, with a firm vow of celibacy. Fix the goal to reach the Supreme God, i.e. to realize God.Concentrate on the glory of the Lord. Shut your eyes to worldly affairs.
(5) Constantly direct your thoughts to the Divine. With the mind thus subdued, one attains everlasting peace and supreme bliss.
(6) Be moderate in eating, recreation, working, sleeping, walking and every aspect of life. Meditation destroys all sorrows, thus disciplining the mind. One becomes content in Parabrahman (God), with a purified intellect Thus, one frees oneself from the feeling of “I and My.” We see that the same Atman is present in all beings. Grace from above is essential to make this meditation effort a success.
(7) God’s grace is unlimited. He showers His grace on His devotee both in favourable and unfavourable circumstances.
(8) All actions, spiritual and worldly, are to be carried out with absolute devotion to God. With this, all malice is removed. Behold the Lord everywhere and for everyone. Patanjali Yoga describes the methods of meditation in detail.
The Ultimate aim of meditation is to invoke the energy centres in the body. There are seven chakras (energy centres) in our body. These are: Mooladhar (the root of the spine), Svadhishthana (the sacred prostatic), Manipura (the solar plexus — navel), Anahata (the heart), Viscidia (the throat), Ajna (the third eye), and Sahasrara Padma (the crown). With meditation, they are activated and balanced.
The benefits of meditation are manifold. It frees the soul from the bondage of worldly affairs, helps to heal all ills, removes misconceptions, achieves success, develops positive thinking, reduces stress, develops the faculty of intuition, eliminates addiction, if any, develops humility, promotes better control of emotions and physical well-being to allow the being to remain in perpetual
Gratitude for the article you wrote about ‘Meditation’ in the Business Economics Magazine of September, 2017. Interesting and insightful. Different from meditation practiced in Europe – Mr. Cesare Lino, Austrain Anandi Bank